While the average lake trout weighs somewhere between 5 and 15lb and measures a length of about 20 to 30 inches, huge specimens can reach a maximum size of 60 to 80lb and 40-50 inches, and the giant lakers of Northern Canada can be even larger than that.
Lake trout typically spawn during the fall, from September in the northern parts of Canada through November in the upper regions of the United States. Most fish spawn during the night in shallow lake areas in depths of 3 to 10 feet.
A lake trout’s diet mainly consists of smaller baitfish such as minnows, ciscoes, or alewives. They also feed on various crustaceans, insects, and even smaller mammal species. Additionally, cannibalism can be observed among both juvenile and adult lake trout.
When jigging for lake trout, you should use a 6 or 7′ medium-heavy rod with a strong backbone and fast action. A 7 to 9′ medium Great Lakes Trolling rod with moderate action is your best pick when trolling for lakers. Both rod types should also have increased sensitivity.
The best ice fishing rods for lake trout are somewhat longer, have a strong backbone, and provide excellent action for different presentations. They will give you enough force for a strong hookset and can even be used as a dead stick.
When jigging for lake trout through the ice, a braided mainline of 10-15lb is your best pick. The best ice fishing line for lakers on the tip-up would be a 25-30lb vinyl-coated polyester line.