Perch are spring spawners that lay and fertilize their eggs annually between early April and late May in water temperatures between 45 and 58F. They can spawn in both shallow lake areas and low current tributaries.
A yellow perch’s diet will change depending on its age and size. Juvenile perch will feed on zooplankton, while adult fish feed primarily on aquatic insects, crustaceans, leeches, and smaller fish.
When lure fishing or drop-shotting for perch, a size 1000 to 2000 spinning reel is your absolute best pick. For perch fishing with live bait on the float or bottom, you should instead use a size 2500 to 3000 spinning reel.
The very best live bait rigs for perch include the float rig for the upper and middle water levels, as well as the paternoster, running and maggot feeder rig for the lower water levels and for fishing directly on the bottom. You can present both baitfish, worms or maggots with these rigs.
Ledgering for perch is pretty simple; all you need is a simple running or paternoster rig with a fluorocarbon or thin wire trace and, depending on the size of the fish, a size 4 to 8 wide gape hook. The best baits for ledgered perch include live bleak, roach and rudd, as well as lobworms, prawns and maggots.