Walleye are native to North America and can be found from the Arctic down to the Mississippi river basin. They inhabit waters across the mid-eastern and central parts of the US and Canada.
Walleye fishing in clear water works best in poorer light conditions and close to underwater structures. Purple, silver, chrome, or white crankbaits, spinner rigs, and jigs are your top picks for this kind of fishing.
As there is low visibility in muddy water conditions, you should use lures that make noise and produce a lot of vibrations. When it comes to lure colors, chartreuse, orange, and purple have proven highly effective in catching murky water walleye.
When spinning or jigging for walleye, your best choice of line is a 12-20lb braid. For trolling and slip bobber rigs, using a 6-14lb monofilament mainline is recommended.
Saugeye outgrow sauger by several inches and pounds, as they are a crossbreed between sauger and walleye. While both fish will have dark blotches on their bodies, sauger are generally darker and more tanned than saugeye. Saugeye will also have a white tail patch, which sauger lack completely.
The perfect fluorocarbon leader for walleye is as invisible as possible underwater and has a 10-12lb test. When lure fishing, you will want to use a somewhat stiffer leader material. When fishing with smaller live baits, your leader should instead be softer and have a little stretch to it.